The Dangers of Using an Incorrect or Outdated Air Filter: A Guide to MERV Ratings

Having a clean air filter is essential for the efficient operation of your air conditioning system. A filter with a higher MERV rating can remove smaller particles from the air, but it is important to use the correct filter for your system. If the mesh is too fine, it can cause serious damage to the air conditioner or oven. It is also important to understand the importance of MERV ratings and replace the filter regularly to keep your system running efficiently and your energy bills under control.The MERV rating stands for Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value and measures how well a filter removes particulates from the air.

Filters with a low MERV index allow contaminants such as dust mites, animal dander, and viruses to infiltrate your home. These filters provide minimal protection against dust and must be replaced more frequently than other filters. Models with a MERV rating from 9 to 12 are the best filters that a residential air conditioning system can use without major modifications.When replacing the air filter, make sure to insert it into the frame with the arrows pointing in the opposite direction to the air return and toward the main unit. However, these filters can be more expensive than basic fiberglass filters and can block air flow, increasing air pressure in the HVAC ventilation system and potentially damaging ducts and even air conditioning and heating units.It is important to understand MERV ratings when selecting an air filter for your system.

Both ASHRAE 52.2 standard from the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers and other companies provide ratings, but it is important to understand how their own ratings differ or compare to those of the MERV. The decision to pay more for a better filter or not depends mainly on whether cleaner air is a priority for you or not.Your HVAC air filter may seem like a secondary component, but it plays an important role in the overall performance of the system. Regularly changing your air filter is essential to keep your system clean and running efficiently.